Androgenic Alopecia

What is Androgenic Alopecia?

Androgenic alopecia, commonly known as male-pattern baldness or female-pattern hair loss, is a genetic condition that affects both men and women. It is the most common form of hair loss, characterized by gradual thinning of hair on the scalp in a specific pattern.

Causes of Androgenic Alopecia

Androgenic alopecia is primarily caused by a combination of genetic and hormonal factors:

  • Genetics: The condition is hereditary and can be passed down through generations. Individuals with a family history of androgenic alopecia are more likely to develop it themselves.
  • Hormonal Changes: Androgenic alopecia is linked to the hormone dihydrotestosterone (DHT), a byproduct of testosterone. DHT miniaturizes hair follicles, causing them to produce thinner and shorter hair until they eventually stop producing hair altogether.
Androgenic Alopecia
Androgenic Alopecia

Symptoms of Androgenic Alopecia

  • Gradual thinning of hair on the scalp, typically starting at the temples or crown for men and the part line for women.
  • Receding hairline in men, often forming an “M” shape.
  • Widening of the center part and overall thinning of hair in women.

Androgenic Alopecia Diagnosis

A healthcare provider can diagnose androgenic alopecia based on a physical examination of the scalp and medical history. In some cases, additional tests such as blood tests or a scalp biopsy may be performed to rule out other potential causes of hair loss.

Treatment Options for Androgenic Alopecia

While androgenic alopecia cannot be cured, several treatment options are available to manage the condition and slow down hair loss progression:

  • Medications: Minoxidil (Rogaine) and finasteride (Propecia) are FDA-approved medications for treating androgenic alopecia. Minoxidil is a topical solution applied to the scalp, while finasteride is an oral medication that inhibits the production of DHT.
  • Hair Transplant Surgery: Follicular unit transplantation (FUT) and follicular unit extraction (FUE) are surgical procedures that involve transplanting hair follicles from a donor area to the balding or thinning areas of the scalp.
  • Low-Level Laser Therapy (LLLT): LLLT devices, such as laser caps or combs, deliver low-level laser light to the scalp to stimulate hair growth and improve hair density.

Prevention to Androgenic Alopecia

While androgenic alopecia cannot be prevented entirely, certain lifestyle changes and practices may help slow down its progression:

  • Avoiding tight hairstyles that pull on the hair follicles.
  • Eating a balanced diet rich in vitamins and minerals essential for hair health.
  • Managing stress through relaxation techniques or counseling


Androgenic alopecia is a common condition that can have a significant impact on self-esteem and quality of life. By understanding its causes, symptoms, and treatment options, individuals affected by this condition can take proactive steps to manage it effectively.


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